Hip pain can arise from various factors unrelated to underlying diseases. These may include incidents of trauma, extended periods of lying on one side, overuse or strain of the muscles, maintaining uncomfortable sitting positions, or experiencing sprains and strains.

The hip joint is composed of the femur (thigh bone) and acetabulum (pelvis) followed by a cushion called the labrum which holds the femur in the pelvis. The hip joint is surrounded by muscles with the gluteal tendons and muscles inserting on the side of the hip.

Hip Conditions & Treatments:

Understanding Hip Arthritis

Hip arthritis involves the deterioration of the cartilage in your hip joint. Cartilage is the smooth, cushioning surface that allows your hip bones to move easily.  When this cartilage wears down, bones can rub together, causing pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.

Types of Hip Arthritis

  • Osteoarthritis: The most common type, caused by wear-and-tear over time. It often affects older adults.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune disease where the body attacks the joint lining. This can happen at any age.
  • Post-traumatic Arthritis: Can develop after a hip injury, like a fracture.

Symptoms of Hip Arthritis

  • Pain: Usually felt in the groin, but can also be felt in the thigh, buttock, or knee. Pain typically worsens with activity.
  • Stiffness: Especially after rest or in the morning, making it difficult to get going.
  • Reduced Range of Motion: Difficulty with everyday tasks like putting on socks, bending down, or getting in and out of a car.
  • Grinding or Popping: You might hear or feel these sensations in your hip joint.

How is Hip Arthritis Diagnosed?

Your doctor will:

  • Ask about your symptoms and medical history.
  • Perform a physical exam to assess your hip’s range of motion and any signs of pain.
  • Order imaging tests: X-rays are typically the first step, but MRI might be needed for a more detailed view of the joint.
  • Treatment: From Conservative to Surgical

Treatment usually starts with:

  • Lifestyle Changes: Activity modification, weight loss (if needed), and low-impact exercise.
  • Physical Therapy: Specific exercises to strengthen the muscles supporting your hip, reducing stress on the joint.
  • Medication: Over-the-counter or prescription painkillers and anti-inflammatories.
  • Injections: Cortisone injections may provide temporary pain relief. Other injections like PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) may help promote healing.

When Surgery Might Be Necessary

Hip Replacement: If other treatments haven’t helped and your pain is significantly limiting your life, a hip replacement may be recommended. This involves replacing the damaged joint with artificial parts.

Important to Remember:

  • Early diagnosis helps: Treatment can slow the progression of arthritis.
  • There are many treatment options: Talk to your doctor about the best plan for your specific situation.
  • Don’t ignore pain: Seek medical care to prevent the condition from worsening.


Understanding Hamstring Tendonitis

Your hamstrings are the powerful muscles at the back of your thighs. They help you bend your knee, extend your hip, and are crucial for activities like running, jumping, and other sports.  Hamstring tendonitis occurs when the tendons that connect these muscles to the bone become inflamed and irritated.

What Causes Hamstring Tendonitis?

  • Overuse: The most common culprit. Repetitive movements or sudden increases in activity can overload the tendons.
  • Muscle Imbalance: Weak hip muscles or tight quadriceps (front of the thigh) can put more stress on your hamstrings.
  • Poor Technique: Improper form when running or exercising can contribute to the problem.

Symptoms: What to Look Out For

  • Pain in the back of the thigh or around the knee, especially when bending or straightening the leg.
  • Tenderness to the touch along the hamstring.
  • Stiffness, especially in the morning or after inactivity.
  • Worsening pain during activities like running, stairs, or getting up from a seated position.

Treatment: The Path to Relief

  • Treatment usually starts with conservative measures:
  • RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation. This helps reduce pain and swelling.
  • Medication: Over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers and anti-inflammatories.
  • Physical Therapy: Specific exercises and stretches to strengthen the hamstrings, improve flexibility, and correct any muscle imbalances.

If traditional therapies aren’t enough, your doctor might suggest:


  • Cortisone injections can provide temporary pain relief.
  • PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) injections might help promote long-term healing.
  • Surgery: Very rarely needed, and only in severe, long-term cases.


  • Don’t push through the pain! Rest is important in the early stages of healing.
  • Gradual return to activity under guidance is crucial to prevent re-injury.
  • Address any underlying imbalances or technique issues to reduce the risk of recurrence.

Talk to Your Doctor

If you suspect hamstring tendonitis, don’t ignore it. Proper diagnosis and treatment can help you recover faster and get back to the activities you enjoy.

Understanding Hip Pain: Greater Trochanteric Bursitis and Gluteus Tendinopathy

Greater trochanteric bursitis and gluteus tendinopathy are common causes of pain on the outside of your hip. It can make it difficult to walk, climb stairs, or even sleep comfortably on your side. Here’s what you need to know:

  • The Greater Trochanter: This is the bony bump on the outside of your upper thigh bone (femur).
  • Bursae: These small, fluid-filled sacs cushion the points where tendons pass over bones, reducing friction.
  • Gluteal Tendons: These attach your hip muscles (the gluteus medius and minimus) to the greater trochanter.

What’s the Difference?

  • Greater Trochanteric Bursitis: Inflammation of the bursa located over the greater trochanter.
  • Gluteus Tendinopathy: Wear-and-tear, degeneration, or small tears in the gluteal tendons.
  • Often, these conditions occur together, making the term “greater trochanteric pain syndrome” more accurate.

What Causes This Pain?

  • Overuse: Repetitive movements like running, walking long distances, or climbing stairs.
  • Muscle Weakness: Weak gluteal muscles can put more stress on the tendons and bursa.
  • Other Factors: Age, previous hip injury, arthritis, or differences in leg length can increase risk.

Symptoms: What to Expect

  • Pain on the outer hip: May worsen with lying on that side, prolonged walking, or climbing stairs.
  • Tenderness: When pressing on the outside of your hip.
  • Stiffness or Reduced Range of Motion: Might experience difficulty with certain movements.

Treatment: Finding Relief

Treatment usually progresses through these steps:

  • Rest and Modify Activities: Avoid aggravating activities and let the inflammation subside.
  • Ice and Medication: To help manage pain and swelling.
  • Physical Therapy: Key for strengthening the gluteal muscles, improving hip mechanics, and reducing stress on the area.


  • Cortisone injections can offer temporary pain relief.
  • Orthobiologic injections (like PRP) may help stimulate the healing process.
  • Rarely, surgery might be considered if other treatments fail

Important to Remember:

  • Early Treatment is Key: This can help prevent the condition from worsening.
  • Patience and Persistence: Recovery can take time, and commitment to physical therapy is often needed for a full return to activity.


Harnessing Your Body’s Healing Power

Gluteus tendonitis (or tendinopathy) is a painful condition affecting the tendons that attach your gluteal (buttock) muscles to your hip bone. It can make walking, climbing stairs, and even sleeping on your side difficult. While rest, physical therapy, and medication are often the first steps in treatment, if these don’t provide enough relief, PRP  therapy offers a potential solution.

What is PRP and How Might It Help?

  • PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma): A concentrated solution derived from a small sample of your own blood.
  • Packed with Power: PRP contains growth factors, which play a vital role in tissue repair and reducing inflammation.
  • Targeted Healing: When injected into the injured gluteal tendons, PRP aims to:
  • Decrease pain and inflammation.
  • Stimulate the body’s natural healing process to repair the damaged tendons.

Is PRP Right for My Gluteus Tendonitis?

You might be a good candidate for PRP if:

  • Traditional treatments haven’t provided enough relief.
  • You want a minimally invasive, nonsurgical approach with minimal downtime.
  • You’re willing to participate in physical therapy after the procedure for optimal recovery.

The PRP Procedure for Gluteus Tendonitis

  • Consultation: Your doctor will evaluate your condition to ensure PRP is suitable.
  • Blood Draw: A small amount of blood is taken.
  • Preparation: The blood is spun in a centrifuge to isolate the PRP.
  • Injection: Using ultrasound guidance for precise placement, your doctor injects the PRP into the damaged tendons within your hip.
  • Recovery: You may experience some temporary soreness, but you can usually return to most activities quickly. Physical therapy will help optimize your recovery.

Important Points about PRP

  • Safe and Natural: Research supports the use of PRP for chronic tendon issues. It uses your own blood, minimizing side effects.
  • Not an Overnight Fix: It takes time for the growth factors to stimulate full healing. You may not see the full benefits for several weeks to months.

Talk to Your Doctor

If you’re struggling with persistent gluteus tendonitis pain, ask your doctor if PRP therapy could be a good option for you. They can help you make an informed decision.


A Solution for Persistent Pain

Hamstring tendonitis occurs when the tendons that connect your hamstring muscles (back of the thigh) to your bones become inflamed and damaged. If rest, ice, medication, and physical therapy haven’t brought enough relief, PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) may offer a promising treatment option.

How PRP Can Help

  • Healing Boost: PRP is a concentrated dose of your body’s own platelets. These platelets are packed with growth factors, which play a vital role in tissue healing and regeneration.
  • Targets the Source: By injecting PRP directly into the injured hamstring tendon, the goal is to:
  • Reduce pain and inflammation.
    Stimulate the body’s natural repair processes.
  • Potentially promote long-term tendon healing.

Is PRP Right for Your Hamstring Tendonitis?

You might be a good candidate for PRP therapy if:

  • Traditional treatments haven’t adequately reduced your pain.
  • You’re seeking a minimally invasive option before considering surgery.
  • You are motivated to follow a physical therapy program to maximize your recovery.
  • The PRP Treatment Process
  • Evaluation: Your doctor will assess your injury and determine if PRP is suitable.
  • Blood Draw: A small amount of blood is taken.
    Preparation: Your blood is processed in a centrifuge to isolate the PRP.
  • Injection: Using ultrasound guidance for accuracy, the PRP is injected into the injured area of your hamstring tendon.
  • Recovery: While there might be some initial soreness, recovery is usually quick. Physical therapy is crucial for optimal results.

Important to Know

  • PRP is Safe: As it uses your own blood, there’s minimal risk of side effects.
  • Research is Encouraging: Studies suggest PRP may be an effective option for chronic hamstring tendonitis.
  • Results May Vary: Healing takes time, and individuals respond differently to this treatment.

Discuss PRP with Your Doctor

If you’re frustrated with persistent hamstring pain, talk to your doctor about the potential benefits of PRP therapy. They can help you decide if it’s the right path for your recovery.


Could It Help Ease Your Pain?

Hip arthritis involves the breakdown of cartilage within your hip joint, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. While traditional treatments are often the first line of defense, PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) therapy offers a potential alternative for those seeking less invasive options.

What is PRP and How Might it Help?

  • PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma): A concentrated solution derived from your own blood containing a high level of platelets
  • Growth Factors: Platelets contain growth factors, which play a vital role in the body’s natural healing process.
  • How it Works: When injected into your arthritic hip joint, PRP aims to:
  • Reduce inflammation and pain
  • Potentially slow down the progression of arthritis
  • Stimulate the body’s healing response, potentially promoting new cartilage growth in mild to moderate cases

Is PRP Right for Your Hip Arthritis?

You might consider PRP if:

  • Your hip arthritis is mild to moderate.
  • Conservative treatments like rest, medication, or physical therapy haven’t brought enough relief.
  • You’re not yet ready for surgery or want to explore minimally invasive options first.

The PRP Procedure for Hip Arthritis

  • Blood Draw: A small amount of your blood is taken.
  • Preparation: The blood is spun in a centrifuge to isolate the PRP.
  • Injection: Using ultrasound or X-ray guidance for precision, the PRP is injected into your hip joint.
  • Recovery: You might experience temporary soreness, but recovery is often quick. Physical therapy can enhance your results.

Important Considerations:

  • PRP is safe: It uses your own blood, minimizing the risk of side effects.
  • Success varies: Individual results differ, but PRP may offer significant relief for some patients.
  • Research is ongoing: More studies are needed, but existing evidence suggests PRP could be a promising treatment for hip arthritis.

Ask Your Doctor

If you’re struggling with hip arthritis pain, discuss PRP therapy with your doctor. They can assess your condition, determine if PRP is a good fit, and guide your decision-making.

Understanding Hip Labral Tears

A hip labral tear is a condition where the cartilage (labrum) that lines the socket of the hip joint gets torn or damaged. The hip labrum acts like a cushion or seal to stabilize the joint and provide support to the hip bones. When it tears, it can cause pain, stiffness, and sometimes a clicking or catching sensation in the hip.

Hip Labral Tears Can Result From:

  • Injury
  • Repetitive movements
  • Structural abnormalities in the hip joint
  • Degeneration over time

How Are Hip Labral Tears Diagnosed?

In order to determine if you have a hip labral tear, the doctor will ask about your hip pain and then check how well you can move your hip and feel sensation in it. They may also use imaging tests like an MRI to look inside your hip and see if there is any damage to the cartilage.

Conservative treatment for hip labral tears involves:

  • Rest: Avoid activities that worsen symptoms and modify movements to reduce stress on the hip joint
  • Physical Therapy: Specific exercises can help strengthen muscles around the hip joint, improve flexibility, and correct movement patterns to ease muscle strain
  • Pain management with medications
  • Lifestyle Adjustments: Weight management and proper footwear can reduce stress on the hip joint and alleviate symptoms
  • Hip Joint Injections: Corticosteroid injections into the hip joint can provide temporary relief of pain and inflammation
  • Heat or ice therapy

Understanding Hip Arthroscopy:

Hip arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that offers a minimally invasive approach to treating hip arthritis. Through small incisions, the surgeon inserts an arthroscope to visualize and assess the condition of the joint. The camera attached to the arthroscope projects images onto a monitor, allowing the surgeon to examine the internal structures for any signs of injury or damage.

If necessary, the surgeon can also address joint issues using the arthroscope during the same operation. This technique provides an effective means of diagnosis and treatment for hip arthritis.

Understanding Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)

This condition refers to the presence of excess bone growth on the hip joint bones, resulting in an irregular shape. When these bones interact during movement, they create friction and rubbing. This repetitive contact can lead to joint damage over time, causing pain and restricting one’s ability to engage in certain activities.

How is Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) Diagnosed?

In order to diagnose Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI), the doctor will ask about the pain in your hip and may move your hip in different ways to see if it causes any discomfort. They may also take pictures of your hip using X-rays, MRI, or CT scans to find any bone problems or cartilage damage.

Treatment for Femoroacetabular Impingement starts with:

  • Medications for inflammation: Prescription-strength nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, may be recommended to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Modifying activities: Your healthcare provider may initially suggest making changes to your daily routine and avoiding activities that trigger symptoms.
  • Physical therapy: Targeted exercises can enhance the range of motion in your hip and strengthen the muscles that support the joint. This can help alleviate stress on the injured labrum or cartilage

When Surgery Might Be Necessary:

If tests reveal that your joint has been damaged by FAI and your pain persists despite non-surgical treatments, surgery may be recommended. Many cases of FAI can be effectively treated through:

Arthroscopic Surgery:

  • This involves making small incisions and using thin instruments and a small camera, to visualize the inside of the hip joint
  • During the procedure, the doctor can repair or remove any damage to the labrum and articular cartilage

Additionally, the FAI can be addressed by trimming the bony rim of the acetabulum and reducing the size of the bump on the femoral head
In more severe cases, an open operation with a larger incision may be necessary to achieve these goals

a middle-aged couple exercising and laughing as they jog


Let our experts help guide your journey to recovery.

Let our experts help guide your journey to recovery.